Home / Research & Conservation / Research Grant /. Know What Publication Style To Use

Home / Research & Conservation / Research Grant /. Know What Publication Style To Use

Decide which Journal(s) you will want to submit to and download their manuscript composition guidelines from their websites. Determine which publication style is appropriate for the Journal and consistently follow that style through the entire entire manuscript. For instance, Soundings uses APA style (American Psychological Association). Some of the more commonly used style manuals include:

Parts of the Paper

Practically all research papers are composed of seven separate sections including an abstract, introduction, hypothesis, materials & methods, results, discussion, and reference section.

An abstract is a concise single paragraph summary regarding the completed work whereby your reader can learn the rationale behind the research, general approach to the problem, pertinent results, and important conclusions. The abstract may be the text that is only a research paper to be written without needing paragraphs to be able to separate major points. Summarize the study succinctly, utilizing the past tense, complete sentences and grammar that is correct. Through the following elements:

  • Intent behind the analysis – hypothesis, overall question, objective (make an effort to define in a single sentence)
  • Model organism or system and description that is brief of experiment (try to define in a single sentence)
  • Results, including specific data that are quantitative link between statistical analyses
  • Important conclusions or questions that follow through the s that are experiment(


The objective of an introduction is to acquaint the reader because of the rationale behind the work. Provide a whole literary report on the information known about the topic (that both supports and contrasts your hypothesis) placing your work in a theoretical context which enables your reader to understand and appreciate your objectives. Describe the importance (significance) regarding the study and why it offers value. Defend the model and offer a rationale. Explain why you selected this particular organism or system? What exactly are its advantages/disadvantages? You may touch upon its suitability from a point that is theoretical of as well as indicate practical reasons for utilizing it.

Hypothesis (es)

A hypothesis is an educated guess about how exactly things work. Your hypothesis should always be constructed in a manner that helps you answer your research that is original question be stated in a fashion that can be easily measured. Your quest must have addressed whether your hypothesis is false or true. Describe the reasoning and references that led you to definitely make each hypothesis.

Materials and Methods

Materials and methods can be reported under separate subheadings within this section or can together be incorporated. The aim would be to document all specialized materials and general procedures to make certain that another individual can use some or most of the methods an additional study or judge the merit that is scientific of work. It isn’t to be one step by step description of whatever you did, nor is a methods section a couple of instructions. Omit all explanatory information and background, saving this for the discussion. Also avoid including information that is irrelevant to a third party, such as for example what color ice bucket you used, or which individual logged within the data. Typically, the person that is third voice can be used to pay someone to write my essay publish this section.

The purpose of a results section would be to provide and illustrate your findings using figures and tables which will portray the outcomes most effectively. This section must certanly be a report that is completely objective of results and any interpretation of what these results indicate ought to be reserved when it comes to when it comes to discussion section. Describe each of your outcomes, pointing the reader to observations which are most relevant, however, the written text should complement figures and/or tables, not repeat the same information. If applicable, describe link between control experiments and include observations that are not presented in a formal figure or table. Never include raw data or calculations that are intermediate a research paper. Usually do not present the data that are same than once. Utilize the past tense once you relate to your outcomes and put everything in a order that is logical.


The discussion section can be used to present an interpretation of one’s results and support your conclusions using evidence from your experiment and, if appropriate, from other published literature. While you describe your computer data be sure to identify mechanisms that may account for the outcomes. In case the results differ from your expectations, explain why that could have happened. In case your results agree, then describe the theory that the evidence supported. It really is never appropriate to simply declare that the data agreed with expectations, and allow it to drop. Decide if the design that is experimental properly controlled an if it adequately addressed the hypothesis(es). Describe if each hypothesis was supported, rejected, or if perhaps a determination could not be made out of confidence, and expand upon the mechanisms that deemed it so. Compare and contrast literature review findings to your research findings and attempt to offer alternative explanations when possible. One experiment will not answer an overall question, so keeping the picture as a whole in your mind, identify what questions remain and suggest areas that require further study.

Literature Cited

List all literature cited in your paper, in alphabetical order, by first author. Only use primary literature research that is(original authored by the original investigators).

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